APA Style Guide
APA (American Psychological Association) Style is a system of documentation that is used for both scholarly manuscripts and research papers. The style sheet (as it is often called) will provide you with specific instructions on all matters of documenting information retrieved from books, magazines, newspapers, scholarly journals, and electronic resources. This information will appear in your bibliography, which is a list of the works cited in your paper. You must follow specific instructions when citing information from a book, a periodical (meaning a magazine, newspaper, or academic journal), a Web site, or an online database. Below are some examples.
EXAMPLES OF CITATIONS FROM BOOKS AND PERIODICALS
by one author, translation:
Freud,S. (1952). On dreams (J.Strachey, Trans.). New York: W.W. Norton& Company. (Original work published in 1901)
In-text citation: (Freud, 1901/1952)
by more than one author:
Frieberg, H.J., & Rogers, C. (1994). Freedom to learn (3rd ed.). New York: Merrill.
In-text citation: (Rogers& Frieberg, 1994)
Article from magazine
Kanchier, C. (2000, March/April). Dare to change. Psychology Today, 33. 64-67.
In-text citation: (Kanchier, 2000)
Article from an academic journal
Duncan, R.D., Kennedy, W.A.,& Smith, D.A. (2000). Comparison of conduct-disordered behavior in crack-dealing versus non-dealing juvenile offenders. Psychological Reports, 86, 1089-1096.
In-text citation: (Duncan et al., 2000)
DOCUMENTING INFORMATION FOUND ON THE WORLD WIDE WEB
For a specific page or document in a Web site you need to note both the date of creation of the document and page address as well as the day that you accessed it:
Bishop, M.., Cameron, C.L., Collins, C.A. ,Danoff-Burg, S., Kirk, S.B., Stanton, A.L., Sharon, C. L.& Sworowski, L.A. (2000). Emotionally- expressive coping predicts psychological and physical adjustment to Breast Cancer. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 875-882. Retrieved October 24, 2000, from http://www.apa.org/journals/ccp/ccp685875.html
In-text citation: (Bishop et al., 2000)
DOCUMENTING INFORMATION FOUND IN THE LIBRARY’S SUBSCRIPTION DATABASES
An example of an online, subscription database is ProQuest, which contains citations, abstracts, and in many cases full-text articles from newspapers, magazines, and journals. Although the information originally appeared in a paper publication, you need to note that you retrieved it from the database as well as the date on which it was retrieved:
Bonomo, V.& Fogliani, A.M. (2000) Citalopram and haloperidol for psychotic depression. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 157(10), pp.1706+. Retrieved October 24, 2000, from ProQuest database.
In-text citation: (Bonomo et al., 2000)
FINDING MORE INFORMATION ABOUT APA STYLE
Since there will be many instances where the above examples do not apply, you are encouraged to ask for assistance from a Librarian or request to see the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, which is kept at the Reserves Desk on the first floor of the library. The call number is BF 76.7.P83 2001.
. From the official Web site of the American Psychological Association, this Web page contains some examples electronic resource citations.
U-W Madison Writing Center Writers Handbook
. Drawing their information from the fifth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, the U-W Madison Writing Center has created a clear, well-balanced view of APA style including examples of in-text and works-cited citations from both print and electronic sources.OWL at Purdue University: APA Formatting and Style Guide
. Extremely useful guide created by the Purdue University Writing
Lab. Contains links to sample papers and additional learning guides.